James Wooldridge Photojournalism James Wooldridge Photojournalism

lakota death

  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    In Lakota religion, everything has a spirit—trees, the Earth, the four directions. After death, a person must travel the Trail of the Spirits (the Milky Way) in their journey to the Spirit World.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    For a Lakota warrior, bravery in battle did not require the killing of a foe. Touching an enemy with a coup stick, such as this, and escaping uninjured was recognized as a warrior's highest honor.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    Young Lakota boys were taught how to craft tools, such as the bow and arrows shown here, anticipating their time to prove themselves on the battlefield or a buffalo hunt.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    A buffalo skull rests in a cemetery on Pine Ridge Reservation. Sacred to the Lakota, buffalo were killed only when needed, and no part was wasted. With the arrival of the white man, the great herds were decimated, and the Lakota way of life changed forever.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    The vast Western Plains from Montana to Nebraska once supplied the Lakota with all their material and spiritual needs. Immense herds of buffalo and vast prairies were alive with spiritual significance as well as sustenance. Today, their territory reduced to a fraction of its former expanse and sliced apart by roads and fences of encroaching white society, it is often difficult for the Lakota to see a clear road to a balanced life.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    In the Nebraska hills south of the Pine Ridge Reservation, this cross is a symbol of cultural dissonance. Erected by a local rancher to honor his father's ashes, it sits on a spot that some claim was the site of the first burial scaffold of the mystic Lakota warrior, Crazy Horse.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    This Colt Model 1873 .44-40 Peacemaker was taken from the site of the Wounded Knee Massacre on Dec. 29, 1890, by journalist Charles W. Allen. Camped on Wounded Knee Creek, a band of Miniconjou Lakota under Chief Big Foot were surrendering their weapons to Col. James W. Forsyth and his U.S. 7th Cavalry. A shot was fired. No one knows by whom. The 7th Cavalry opened fire with rifles and four Hotchkiss guns, and within an hour, slaughtered 150 to 300 Native men, women and children.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    After the bloodshed at Wounded Knee, a blizzard swept over the land. Three days later, the bodies were buried in this mass grave, on the hill where Col. Forsyth's Hotchkiss guns had rested. Years later, the Lakota holy man Black Elk recalled the incident:
    "When I look back now from this high hill of my old age, I can still see the butchered women and children lying heaped and scattered all along the crooked gulch as plain as when I saw them with eyes still young. And I can see that something else died there in the bloody mud, and was buried in the blizzard. A people's dream died there. It was a beautiful dream."
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    From this hotel room in Chadron, Nebraska, General Nelson A. Miles oversaw the 7th Cavalry's effort in late 1890 to stop the ghost dance and confine the last rebellious Lakotas to reservations. Not directly in charge of the troops at Wounded Knee, Miles was critical of the massacre, calling it "the most abominable criminal military blunder and a horrible massacre of women and children." His opinion was in the minority. Twenty Congressional Medals of Honor were awarded to members of the 7th Cavalry for their actions at Wounded Knee—the most ever awarded for a single battle.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    A 16-year-old girl on the Pine Ridge Reservation wrote this note before taking her own life, leaving behind her 1-year-old child. The girl was part of Tiny's Sweet Grass Suicide Prevention Program. Tiny says that it is especially important for children on the reservation to have Native counselors, who understand Lakota culture. For example, some Lakota considering suicide see a figure from their culture called the Slender Man or the Black Spirit. A non-native counselor might be baffled, but Tiny isn't. She has seen his shadow on the reservation. Despite recent cuts to Sweet Grass funding, Tiny continues to fight suicide on her reservation through prayer and donations.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    Battered car bodies are piled in lines in Denny "Junior" Reynold's lot in Whiteclay, Nebraska. Junior says that half of the cars in his yard are from drunk-driving accidents.
  • lakota death - James Wooldridge Photojournalism
    On Jan. 25, 2010, a drunk driver veered head-on into a car carrying Pine Ridge residents Randy Skye Kaline, 30, Summer Rose Kaline, 28, and Burt Benjamin Kaline III, 36. All three were killed. Each had two children.